With rapid urbanization, we come across architectural traces that carry more different concerns than they once were in constructed buildings. The Buildings at previous periods, they could provide resistance to environmental and natural conditions. While those in recent times can be said to have a comfort become basic necessity in addition to these needs. Despite the fact that ecological developments are popular, structures are not made up of concrete, steel or glass, as before.
New Generation Buildings
The constructions began more preferable thanks to make electronic, software and automation layers. This has made it difficult for civil engineers to work alone. So computer, electrical and electronics engineers started working on the site.
The increase in the number of lighting, electricity, elevator and treatment systems cause large energy consumption in terms of climate. This pushes engineers to seek for reliable and more economical use of these systems. So, there is a need for a good automation system in the buildings.
Buildings in Future
Recently, the structures that have automation systems in the buildings started to be called with a different name. This naming is as smart like phones. Intelligent buildings are known as building types that can provide comfort and confidence that can be used without interruption by accessing lighting, heating, air conditioning, TV, security and camera systems by using a remote control.
Here are some examples of some smart house functions:
- Smart window,
- The gas leak sensor,
- Smoke sensor,
- IR camera,
- Voice sensor,
- Lighting switch (Main sensor, Door closing sensor, Wireless IR detector, Video call system),
- Air conditioning,
- Wind and rain sensor,
- SOS (Emergency help button), 3.5 ‘main board,
- Main server.
Buildings that contain these features in different combinations are classified in different forms.
Smart Building Classes
These buildings can be divided into classes in different ways within themselves. Buildings in which all the items are controlled by a remote control, buildings in which the different instruments are connected to each other, houses managed by an invisible control unit.
The other classifications of the buildings are written:
- Buildings equipped with sensors which can react to time and sensors,
- Buildings with artificial intelligence,
- Smart and environmentally friendly buildings.
İn the future there will new researches and developments in construction due to different needs. We can certainly say that the construction industry is one of the best areas because of the increase in technological developments.